Following Brexit, the UK is no longer bound by the EU’s sanctions regulations. Accordingly, the UK Government enacted the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018, which confers wide-ranging powers to implement new sanctions.
The equitable doctrine of breach of confidence operates to prevent the receiver of confidential information from taking unfair advantage of it. In order to be classified as confidential the three-stage test first set out in Coco v AN Clark (Engineers) Ltd  F.S.R. 415 requires the information to: (i) have a necessary quality of confidence;
A claimant does not need to prove that defendant conspirators, who engaged in an unlawful means conspiracy, knew that their actions were unlawful in order to establish a claim in that tort. The Court of Appeal’s majority decision on this point was handed down in The Racing Partnership Ltd and others v Sports Information Services